By S. V. Gupta

This ebook is written for scientists occupied with the calibration of viscometers. an in depth description for stepping up methods to set up the viscosity scale and acquiring units of grasp viscometers is given within the publication. Uncertainty concerns for normal oils of recognized viscosity are awarded. the trendy viscometers in accordance with ideas of tuning fork, ultrasonic, PZT, plate waves, Love waves, micro-cantilever and vibration of optical fiber are mentioned to encourage the reader to additional study and to generate more advantageous types. the first general for viscosity is natural water. Measurements of its viscosity with accuracy/uncertainty accomplished are defined. the foundations of rotational and oscillation viscometers are defined to augment the information in calibration paintings. units used for particular fabrics and viscosity in non SI devices are mentioned with appreciate to the necessity to correlate viscosity values received through numerous units. the outline of industrial viscometers meets the desires of the user.

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Three. 1 huge category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . three. 2 3 teams of Viscometers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . three. 2. 1 converted Ostwald Viscometers . . . . . . . . . . . three. 2. 2 Suspended point Viscometers . . . . . . . . . . . . three. 2. three opposite movement Viscometers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . three. three converted Ostwald Viscometers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . three. three. 1 Cannon Fenske regimen Viscometers . . . . . . . three. three. 2 Zeitfuchs Viscometers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . three. three. three SIL Viscometers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . three. three. four Cannon-Manning Viscometers. . . . . . . . . . . . three. three. five BS/U-Tube Viscometer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . three. three. 6 Miniature Viscometers BS/U-Tube or BS/U/M three. three. 7 Pinkevitch Viscometers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . three. three. eight Equilibrium Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . three. three. nine Bringing the pattern as much as the Timing Mark. . three. four Suspended point Viscometers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . three. four. 1 Ubbelohde Viscometers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . three. four. 2 Cannon Ubbelohde Viscometer . . . . . . . . . . . three. four. three Cannon-Ubbelohde Semi-Micro Viscometer . . three. four. four BS/IP/SL (S) Viscometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . three. four. five BS/IP/MSL Viscometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 27 27 27 29 ...... ...... 29 30 . . . . . . . . . . 31 34 35 35 35 ...... ...... ...... 36 36 forty ...... ...... ...... forty two forty two forty three . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . forty five forty five forty six forty six forty six forty six forty seven forty seven forty seven forty nine fifty one fifty three fifty five fifty seven fifty seven 60 60 60 sixty two sixty four sixty six sixty six . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Contents three. four. 6 Fitz-Simons Viscometer . . . . . . . . three. four. 7 Atlantic Viscometer . . . . . . . . . . . three. four. eight Equilibrium Time . . . . . . . . . . . . three. five opposite stream Viscometers . . . . . . . . . . . three. five. 1 Zeitfuchs Cross-Arm Viscometer . . three. five. 2 Cannon-Fenske Viscometer. . . . . . three. five. three Lantz-Zeitfuchs Viscometer . . . . . three. five. four BS/IP/RF U-Tube opposite move . . three. five. five Equilibrium Time . . . . . . . . . . . . three. five. 6 move of pattern via Capillary three. 6 For All Samples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . three. 6. 1 pattern for Charging Viscometers . References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . four xi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . sixty nine seventy one seventy one seventy one seventy one seventy four seventy four seventy six seventy nine seventy nine eighty eighty eighty Rotational and different sorts of Viscometers . . . . . . . . four. 1 creation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . four. 2 Rotational Viscometers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . four. 2. 1 Coaxial Cylinders Viscometers . . . . . . . . . four. 2. 2 Concentric Spheres Viscometer . . . . . . . . . four. 2. three Rotating Disc Viscometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . four. 2. four Cone and Plate Viscometer . . . . . . . . . . . . four. 2. five Coni-Cylindrical Viscometer . . . . . . . . . . . four. three Falling Ball/Piston Viscometers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . four. three. 1 Falling Ball Viscometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . four. three. 2 Falling Piston Viscometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . four. four Rolling Ball Viscometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . four. four. 1 dimension with Rolling Ball Viscometer four. five Torsion Viscometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . four. 6 Oscillating Piston Viscometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . four. 7 Michell Cup and Ball Viscometer . . . . . . . . . . . . four. 7. 1 development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . four. 7. 2 operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . four. eight VROC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . four. eight. 1 actual constitution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . four.

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