This survey of Czech and Slovak historical past lines the improvement of 2 neighboring peoples throughout the production of a typical Czechoslovakian country in 1918 to the founding of the autonomous Czech and Slovak Republics in 1993 and beyond.

• short biographical sketches of many noteworthy Czechs and Slovaks in the course of the ages

• A chronology of key occasions in Czech and Slovak historical past from prehistory to the current day

• A bibliographical essay on major common works and ancient monographs concerning Czech and Slovak history

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Extra resources for The History of the Czech Republic and Slovakia (The Greenwood Histories of the Modern Nations)

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In this interval, Hus made very important contributions to the improvement of the fashionable Czech language via standardizing spelling and introducing diacritical marks to create clearer hyperlinks among letters and spoken sounds. South Bohemia quickly turned the heartland of a Hussite circulation, which unfold to royal cities around the country because the fans of Hus demonstrated key facilities in Plzenˇ, Hradec Kra´love´, and Zˇatec. Hus’s supporters received keep watch over of town halls in approximately one-third of the Religious Controversies and army Conflicts sixty seven cities, permitting Hussite reformers to wield administrative impact in aid of spiritual reform in numerous city parts. In 1414, Va´clav IV’s brother, Sigismund of Luxemburg, used his impression as Holy Roman Emperor to convene the Council of Constance on the way to finish the divisive period of rival popes. Churchmen arrived within the Swiss urban of Constance from throughout Europe and, via 1418, ended the schism with the election of Martin V. although, Sigismund additionally considered the nice accumulating of amazing clergy as a chance to handle the difficulty of the Hussite “heresy” through inviting Jan Hus to handle the council in Constance and confront the fees introduced opposed to him. Upon receiving the summons and a promise of secure behavior from the emperor, Hus set out for Constance. while he arrived there in October 1414, he was once arrested in violation of the promise of immunity after which spent the iciness locked away in a fort, in shackles and uncovered to the chilly. while ultimately granted a public trial and faced with calls for that he abandon his heretical stance, Hus refused to recant his ideals or admit that his writings contained spiritual mistakes. He declared as an alternative that to betray his sense of right and wrong even prior to a council of the Church will be a mortal sin that will condemn his soul for eternity. money owed of his final phrases checklist Hus as mentioning that he used to be blameless of the various fees concerning the content material of his preaching and proclaiming that he used to be satisfied to die for his ideals. On July 6, 1415, Jan Hus used to be burned on the stake and had his ashes forged into the Rhine River in order that they may by no means be again to his Bohemian place of birth. 5 centuries later, on July 6, 1915, town of Prague honored the loss of life of a countrywide hero by means of erecting a wide statue of Jan Hus within the previous city sq.. throughout the a number of years after Hus’s execution, his Hussite supporters ousted papal loyalists from church buildings in Prague and in other places within the nation, seizing church lands and estate within the procedure. on the Prague college, the best grasp Jakoubek of Sˇtribro instituted the perform of requiring Holy Communion in either varieties, bread and wine, and even if Hus had now not promoted this reform of the sacrament, he granted his approval sooner than his dying. end result of the value of permitting the laity to obtain the wine, the chalice turned the logo of the Hussite flow and the distribution of communion sub utraque specie (“in either kinds”) gave upward thrust to the “Utraquist” label for the average Hussite faction.

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