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So We research from Tacitus that Nero, having exhausted the general public treasury for his extravagances, had all started to pillage the empire and to despoil sanctuaries in their riches. It used to be merely then that Seneca requested to be authorised to surrender "in order to not be all in favour of so odi­ ous a sacrilege. " was once this the philosopher's genuine cause? regardless of the case, it used to be no longer the 1st time Seneca requested to be relieved of his obliga­ tions as a chum of the prince, and his major justification used to be, as continually, to dedicate himself exclusively to philosophy. s1 beginning in sixty two (shortly after he had earned the precise to retire from the Senate, we believe), Seneca requested Nero to push aside him from his tasks as a pal and to take again the entire riches the prince had heaped on him. we're inevitably at the hours of darkness approximately what used to be stated during this inter­ view, held with no witnesses, and Tacitus, who reviews it, was once both ignorant. His reconstruction of Nero's answer, in spite of the fact that, has the hoop of fact. "If you come back those riches and in case you desire retirement to my friendship, rumor will blame my greed and your worry of my cruelty. " Seneca himself could almost immediately write that maintaining distance from a tyrant is very unlikely with no seeming to accuse him; Nero didn't settle for the withdrawal of his "friend," who remained at his disposal. now not lengthy earlier than the good conflagration of Rome (which malice falsely attributed to him), Nero provided himself within the public theater within the Italian Greek urban of Naples; Seneca's letters are dated from Naples, the place he had evidently his emperor. s2 Prologue 29 no matter if Seneca used to be obliged to keep on with Nero all over, besides the fact that, Nero used to be now not obliged to refer to with him, and he without doubt had little extra to assert to him. On listening to the inside track of the hearth, Nero back in haste to a capital in ashes. Seneca, disadvantaged of the ideal to retire to his coun­ attempt property faraway from Rome, moved right into a villa he owned as regards to the town gates and set approximately residing as a guy withdrawn from society. Giving his reviews and his negative wellbeing and fitness as pretext, he remained at domestic. at the infrequent events whilst he paid a trip or discharged a few social obliga­ tion, he was once now not through the gaudy teach of family servants that signaled a guy of caliber to passersby. He stopped appearing like a guy whose social charisma proved his excessive place, and declined from this element to be saluted every one morning by way of his throng of proteges. If he had persevered to take action, it'll have seemed that he persevered to have a hand within the govt of the empire. the true mechanism of the country was once now not the few hundred excessive officers and bureaucrats up to it used to be the community of pals, friends, and consumers of every member of the governing the Aristocracy. fifty three To settle an affair of kingdom or to execute a political determination from afar, one went via a shopper or a shopper immediate. within the universal parlance of the days, which was once additionally that of Seneca, strength was once exercised through alternating "benefits," the alternate of companies. A yr or ahead of the fireplace of sixty four, Seneca started writing the Letters to Lucilius, which essentially reveal the explanations for his retirement.

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