Departing from scholarship devoted to the socio-historical realities of priesthood at Qumran, this booklet explores pictures of otherworldly and messianic/eschatological priesthood within the lifeless Sea Scrolls as a mirrored image of the non secular worldview of the Qum

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Lueken, Der Erzengel Michael in der Überlieferung des Judentums [Göttingen: E. A. Huth, ], ). See additionally Zohar Hadash . folios , ; , . 197  bankruptcy 4 of Amram, six copies of that have been preserved at Qumran. 201 In Q (Amramb)  –; ; , opposing supernatural figures quarrel for regulate over a demise person (cf. Jude ). considered one of them, òùø éëìî (Q  ), is expounded to “rule over all darkness,” ( ) whereas the opposite, whose identify is misplaced, “rules over all that's vivid” ( ) and maybe additionally “[over the entire sons of li]ght” ( ). Given the intensely dualistic tone of the record and the truth that òùø éëìî is a grammatically excellent counterpart for ÷ãö éëìî, it truly is most likely that Melchizedek initially seemed because the righteous angel. 202 because   refers back to the “three names” of the righteous angel, Kobelski has reconstructed “Michael, Prince of sunshine, and Melchizedek. ”203 The recommendation is doubtful, but when right, the identity of Michael and Melchizedek might have preceded the formation of the Qumran group. despite this danger, this article confirms that Melchizedek was once seen as a celestial determine a minimum of from the early moment century bce. Melchizedek and Levi The Melchizedek culture looks to have reflexes in pre-sectarian works with a powerful concentrate on the priesthood of the patriarch Levi, Jubilees and ALD. Jubilees :– reads as follows: That evening he stayed at Bethel. Levi dreamed that he—he and his sons— were appointed and made into the priesthood of the main excessive God eternally. while he woke up, he blessed the Lord. Jacob obtained up early within the morning at the fourteenth day of this month and gave a tithe of every thing which had include him—from humans to animals, from funds to all utensils and garments. He gave a tithe of every little thing. Commentators have lengthy famous the obvious references to the scriptural traditions relating Melchizedek during this passage which create a parallelism among Abram-Melchizedek and Jacob-Levi. 204 Like Mel201 For the relationship of this article, see above pp. –. As Kobelski (Melchizedek and Melchireˇsa#, ) notes, the identify òùø éëìî “was most likely shaped against the generally authorised interpretation of Melchizedek’s identify as ‘king of uprightness. ’ ” Cf. Philo, Leg. . ; Josephus, Ant. . ; warfare . ; Heb :. 203 it can be major that during QM :–, Michael is linked to either mild and ÷ãö. For Kobelski’s therapy of Amramb, see Melchizedek and Melchireˇ sa#, –. 204 See, e. g. , R. H. Charles, APOT :; VanderKam, “Jubilees and the Priestly Messiah of Qumran,” –; R. Doran, “The Non-Dating of Jubilees: Jub –; :– in Narrative Context,” JSJ  (): –; A. Aschim, “Melchizedek and Levi,” within the lifeless Sea Scrolls Fifty Years after Their Discovery, . 202 otherworldly priesthood in sectarian writings  chizedek in Genesis , Levi is the priest of the main excessive God who gets a tithe from an Israelite patriarch. just like the priest within the order of Melchizedek in playstation :, Levi and his descendants shall serve God “forever.

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