Delivering a entire review of the importance of the glaciers, ice caps and ice sheets of Antarctica and Greenland, this learn stories the idea at the back of climatological observations. It describes current modelling reviews and expected destiny alterations within the mass balances of those key signs of world weather switch. the quantity is a crucial reference for scientists operating in weather switch, environmental sciences and glaciology.

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P. , Krabill, W. B. and Ekholm, S. 1997. North and Northeast Greenland ice discharge from satellite tv for pc radar inferometry. technological know-how 276, 934–7. Robin, G. de Q. 1979. Formation, flow, and disintegration of ice cabinets. J. Glaciol. 24 (90), 259–71. Seckel, H. 1977. Das geometrische Nivellement u¨ ber das Gr¨onl¨andische Inlandeis der Gruppe Nivellement an der internationalen glaziologischen Gr¨onland-Expedition 1967–68. Meddr. Grønland 187 (3). 2− Steffensen, J. P. 1988. research of the seasonal edition in airborne dirt and dust, Cl− , NO− three , and SO4 in important Greenland firn cores. Ann. Glaciol. 10, 171–7. Thomsen, H. H. et al. 1997. The Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden glacier undertaking, North-East Greenland: a learn of ice sheet reaction to climatic switch. Geol. Greenland Surv. Bull. 176, 95–103. Van der Veen, C. J. 1993. Interpretation of temporary ice sheet elevation adjustments inferred from satellite tv for pc altimetry. weather switch 23, 383–405. Ward, W. H. and Orvig, S. 1953. The glaciological reports of the Baffin Island day trip, 1950. half IV: the warmth trade on the floor of the Barnes Ice Cap through the ablation interval. J. Glaciol. 2 (13), 158–68. Warrick, R. A. , Provost, C. le, Meier, M. F. , Oerlemans, J. and Woodworth, P. L. 1996. alterations in sea point. In Houghton, J. T. et al. , eds. , weather switch 1995. Cambridge collage Press, pp. 358–405. Weidick, A. 1968. statement on a few Holocene glacier fluctuations in West Greenland. Meddr. Grønland one hundred sixty five (6). 1994. Fluctuations of West Greenland calving glaciers. In Reeh, N. , ed. , record at the Workshop at the Calving cost of West Greenland Glaciers based on weather swap. Copenhagen, Danish Polar heart, pp. 141–68. 1995. satellite tv for pc snapshot Atlas of Glaciers of the area, Greenland. US Geological Survey specialist Paper 1386-C. Washington, usa executive Printing Office. Weidick, A. , Andreasen, C. , Oerter, H. and Reeh, N. (1996). Neoglacial glacier adjustments round Storstrømmen, North-East Greenland. Polarforschung sixty four (3), 95–108. Woodward, J. , Sharp, M. and Arendt, A. 1997. The influence of superimposed-ice formation at the sensitivity of glacier mass stability to weather switch. Ann. Glaciol. 24, 186–90. three In situ dimension strategies: sea ice p e t e r wa d h a m s division of utilized arithmetic and Theoretical Physics, college of Cambridge three. 1 present recommendations we will be able to examine very much approximately sea ice from satellite tv for pc and plane surveys – its quantity, its kind, its floor beneficial properties. yet its thickness is tough to degree by means of distant sensing, as the brine cells within the ice provide it a excessive electric conductivity such that electromagnetic waves don't simply penetrate. The radio-echo sounding tools which were used to degree the thickness of terrestrial ice sheets and glaciers can't for that reason be used for sea ice. to this point, five direct thoughts were mostly hired for measuring ice-thickness distribution. In lowering order of overall info volume, they're: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) submarine sonar profiling; moored upward sonars; airborne laser profilometry; airborne electromagnetic thoughts; drilling.

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