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Within, less than a painted and gilded roof, the most house housed a powerful statue of the goddess Athena Parthenos Parthenos. the one gentle resource used to be in the course of the nice bronze doorways of the temple. The fluted Doric columns that encompass inside chambers are 34 feet (10. four m) excessive. those curve to offer the appearance of ideal directly strains from a distance. often called “entasis,” this refined distortion is a function Portico at each one finish in the back of six columns Acroteria—blocks to aid statuary above the pediment Antefixae, positioned at common durations, hide the ends of tiles Small western cella with 4 columns japanese cella with colonnades and statue Ħ ground plan Externally, the Parthenon is symmetrical. Thhe small cella (chamber) at thee western finish used to be obtainable purely from the west portico, closed off from the bigger easteern cella. Triglyphs trade with reduction sculptures within the frieze The bronze gate supplied many of the to be had mild Ğ Armed Athena a wide, gold-and-ivory statue of the effective goddess Athena (by Phidias) ruled the jap chamber of the temple. Mettope opess depi dep epi pictt actual and ndd legendary warss ANCIEN T GREECE of the whole construction, to make sure visually ideal strains. Above the columns, the temple used to be surrounded by means of a marble frieze of good reduction sculptures. within the overdue sixth century, the Parthenon used to be switched over right into a Christian church, then in 1458 it grew to become a mosque. In 1687, lower than assault from Venice Venice, gunpowder that was once saved there exploded and ruined the respected temple. ninety five Ħ Elgin Marbles Sculptures faraway from the location within the nineteenth century by way of L d El Lord Elgin i at the moment are hheld ld iin the British Museum. Gold and ivory statue of Athena Parthenos Inte Int ntern erna r al al col oloonnnnades ooff tw w -titiere wo ered ed colum olumns suppport the roo sup ooff Joi Joi o ntss bbeettw twe weeen en st sto tonnes to aarre ba barel elyy visi el seen blee; wallls app pppearr soli ssolid Cyl Cyl ylin resort riccal ind al blo loocks cks off stoonee aree pinnne nedd ttooge get ethher ttoo forrm ccolu ooluumn mnss Col Co olumns umns bul ulg lgge to cor orrre rec ectt ppeerrspe in keeping with perspe s cti sp ctive vee Peri P ericl icl cle c es es (49 4995– 5–2 –229BCE) ġ Thee on the Athhe henian chicken ann st statesman dirrec dir ected ed th thee bbuilding of many templ emple much less on o the Acropolis. ninety six THE CLASSICAL global TEMPLE OF APHAIA A ca. 490BCE B AEGINA, GREECE C UNKNOWN D position OF WORSHIP at the island of Aegina close to Athens stands the Temple of Aphaia. devoted first and foremost to the goddess of looking, it was once later given over to the worship of Athena, goddess of knowledge. This was once an excellent instance p of a Doric temple p on the outset of the golden age of historical Greek structure. part as huge because it is lengthy, the temple is fronted on its pedimented ends through six fluted Doric columns,, and alongg its facets it aspects by way of twelv twelv e e. Ins inside of ide, thee temple featured superimposed Doric colonnades alongside the size of its valuable corridor, or cella.

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