By Benjamin Dorman
Celebrity Gods explores the interplay of recent religions and the media in postwar Japan. It makes a speciality of the leaders and founders (kyōsō) of Jiu and Tenshō Kōtai Jingū Kyō, new religions of Japan’s quick postwar interval that obtained giant press consciousness. Jiu used to be associated with the preferred prewar staff Ōmotokyō, and its actions have been in response to the millennial visions of its chief, a girl known as Jikōson. whilst Jiu attracted the mythical sumo champion Futabayama to its reason, Jikōson and her actions grew to become a widely-covered reason célèbre within the press. Tenshō Kōtai Jingū Kyō (labeled odoru shūkyō, “the dancing religion,” through the clicking) was once led via a farmer’s spouse, Kitamura Sayo. Her uncompromising imaginative and prescient and activities towards making a new society―one that was once a ways faraway from what she defined because the “maggot global” of postwar Japan―drew harsh and sometimes mocking feedback from the print media.
Looking again for precursors to the postwar courting of recent religions and media, Benjamin Dorman explores the numerous function that the japanese media routinely performed in defining acceptable and appropriate social habit, performing at instances as mouthpieces for presidency and non secular experts. utilizing the circumstances of Renmonkyō within the Meiji period and Ōmotokyō within the Taishō and Shōwa eras, Dorman indicates how gathered photos of latest religions in pre-1945 Japan grew to become absorbed into these of the fast postwar interval. Given the shortcoming of formal spiritual schooling in Japan, the media performed a massive position in transmitting notions of applicable habit to the general public. He is going directly to represent the leaders of those teams as “celebrity gods,” demonstrating that the media, which have been usually untrained in spiritual heritage or rules, selected to style them as “celebrities” whose antics deserved derision. whereas the prewar media had awarded different kyōsō as the antithesis of good, ethical electorate who stood against the goals of the country, postwar media stories awarded them basically as undeserving for democratic society.
Celebrity Gods delves into an under-studied period of non secular historical past: the Allied career and the postwar interval as much as the early Fifties. it's a huge interdisciplinary paintings that considers kin among eastern and career bureaucracies and the teams in query, and makes use of fundamental resource records from profession information and interviews with media staff and individuals of spiritual teams. For observers of postwar Japan, this examine presents a roadmap to assist comprehend concerns in terms of the Aum Shinrikyō affair of the 1990s.
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Extra resources for Celebrity Gods: New Religions, Media, and Authority in Occupied Japan (Nanzan Library of Asian Religion and Culture)
In spite of the fact that, regardless of her efforts towards resuscitating the enterprise, the mine didn't yield major effects. She went to Minemura for monetary information and their courting started to deepen. 20 They have been on stable phrases with one another and Nagaoka made a positive effect on those that accumulated on the apartment. She started to make common visits and played divinations, which galvanized Jiu individuals. Her reputation as a medium grew quickly. in reality, Minemura and his brother-in-law Mitsuo entrusted her with taking on the duty of religious advisor and interpreter of revelations during periods while either have been away on company or different issues. Their absences grew to become extra common, and for this reason, their impression at the fans decreased whereas Nagaoka’s elevated. in response to a Religions department document in line with an interview with pass, after he met her he determined to “devote himself to her teachings and gave up taking part in cross in compliance together with her request. ” He finally resumed taking part in, along with her permission, in July 1946. 21 A Police Raid Nagaoka’s non secular convictions solidified whilst she was once brought to a few of the information linked to Ōmoto via her touch with different contributors of Jiu. Her principles on international renewal have been just like these promoted by way of Ōmoto ahead of the second one persecution in 1935. 22 Nagaoka firmly believed within the spiritual authority of the emperor, and he or she participated in rituals concerning emperor worship. She shared with different participants of Jiu the conviction that Japan had a distinct challenge to save lots of the realm in the course of the emperor. this actual model of yonaoshi, which positioned Japan on the heart of the universe, definitely seems to be nationalistic, and Jiu used to be finally accused within the postwar interval of marketing rules that have been opposed to democracy. A pamphlet of Nagaoka’s teachings known as Makoto no hito (True humans) was once released within the autumn of 1943. It used to be an important book that indicated Nagaoka’s strengthening function in the team, rather when it comes to religious principles and philosophy. The pamphlet proclaimed that once the current dire situations had handed, a interval of global renewal may start. whereas rules of chaos by means of global renewal had performed a task in a few spiritual events from the early sleek interval, in the course of the early Shōwa interval it was once a birth of superstar gods | seventy three relatively dicy kind of social protest, as Ōmoto and Tenri Honmichi chanced on. Makoto no hito argued that the one means for the japanese to accomplish this is able to be for them to put off individualism, liberalism, and materialism and turn into “true humans. ” in truth, the police have been heavily looking at Jiu for your time. even supposing they have been conscious type of international renewal comprised a part of Jiu’s ideals, the most cause of the research was once to probe points of Minemura’s company actions, rather these in relation to mining. whereas the police made up our minds that Jiu posed no significant hazard to public protection, they performed a raid at the premises the place Nagaoka and a few of her fans have been residing in Yokohama on eight February 1945.
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