By Anna Contadini

The Kitb Nat al-ayawn is the earliest of a gaggle of illustrated manuscripts facing the features of animals and their medicinal makes use of. the current examine considers either the confluence of textual traditions inside of this paintings and the stylistic and iconographic relationships of its illustrations, which make it a key witness to early thirteenth-century Arab portray. After a second look of earlier ways, emphasis is put on bearing on picture to textual content, on stylistic affiliations, and at the modalities of construction, supported through technical analyses undertaken for the 1st time. In elucidating the actual context of this detailed manuscript, the research contributes to our realizing of a severe interval within the improvement of heart japanese portray and artwork.

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The implication of this passage is that with reference to this animal, no less than, the pseudoAristotelian resource used to be consulted first. it's as a result transparent that the Naʿt doesn't easily reproduce an unique textual content by way of Ibn Bakhtīshūʿ, and the level to which it may well contain passages taken verbatim from this sort of textual content can't be ascertained when you consider that, regrettably, there's no checklist of a piece of this sort via him. Nor can we have any information regarding the author/compiler of the Naʿt: He could have been pointed out within the colophon or within the incipit, yet either are lacking. The BnF and Escorial manuscripts which are on the topic of the Naʿt are both uninformative as to authorship, yet as a minimum the character of the connection among the 3 texts is under no circumstances easy: all that desire be stated at this juncture is that the Naʿt is the earliest of them. certainly, the very wording utilized by its compiler exhibits that it provides a clean welding jointly of preexisting fabric, making it a brand new textual content. At whose behest this compilation used to be made isn't really acknowledged. nonetheless, the manuscript does let us know whatever in regards to the commissioner of the Ibn Bakhtīshūʿ resource on which it drew (fol. 10v/101v): “The sage ʿUbayd Allāh ibn Bakhtīshūʿ [said]: (fol. 11r/102r) the Amir Saʿd al-Dīn ordered me to compose a ebook which might include an account of the usefulness of animals. . . . ” besides the fact that, Saʿd al-Dīn isn't the in basic terms candidate, for in accordance with Ibn Abī Uṣaybiʿa, Ibn Bakhtīshūʿ wrote his treatise for a undeniable Amir Naṣīr al-Dawla. This final of the works by way of Ibn Bakhtīshūʿ indexed through Abī Uṣaybiʿa is the only which, to pass judgement on by way of its identify, could have been quarried through the compiler of the Naʿt, and so a undeniable curiosity attaches to the identification of a undeniable Amir for whom it used to be written. almost certainly he should be pointed out with Amir Naṣr (rather than Naṣīr) al-Dawla Abū Naṣr Aḥmad ibn Marwān, the 3rd and most vital prince of the Marwānid dynasty of Diyarbakr, who succeeded his brother to the provincial sovereignty in 402/1011, and died in 453/1061 advert. eleven The interval in which this prince reigned corresponds to Ibn Bakhtīshūʿ’s lifetime, for we eleven See Zambaur 1927, p. 136; Amedroz 1903, pp. 131–42; Bowen “Naṣr al-Dawla”. textual content and resources comprehend that he died round 450/1058 advert. the truth that this Amir used to be verified at Mayyafariqin, the place Ibn Bakhtīshūʿ lived, and that below his reign it grew to become a centre of studying with a lively cultural life,12 strengthens the id extra. thirteen but when Amir Naṣr al-Dawla might be pointed out with some extent of self belief, Amir Saʿd al-Dīn can't: he is still a shadowy determine, and there's definitely not anything that would determine him with Amir Naṣr al-Dawla. The above resources don't convey the 2 names jointly, and it'd be strange to have one guy with diversified laqabs. 14 The identify of the Ibn Bakhtīshūʿ Manuscripts because the Naʿt lacks an incipit, the shape of the name it could possibly have contained is unknown. We in basic terms have the 2 nineteenth-century annotations, one at flyleaf recto (Fig.

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